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Monday, November 23, 2020 | History

4 edition of Notes on the Saka, Samvat and Gupta eras found in the catalog.

Notes on the Saka, Samvat and Gupta eras

James Fergusson

Notes on the Saka, Samvat and Gupta eras

being a suppplement to his paper on Indian chronology, in Volume IV of the new series of the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society

by James Fergusson

  • 146 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published by printed for private distribution in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Hindu chronology

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby James Fergusson....
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, 24p. ;
    Number of Pages24
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18548770M
    OCLC/WorldCa249214540, 602372314, 606167855, 4880363


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Notes on the Saka, Samvat and Gupta eras by James Fergusson Download PDF EPUB FB2

ON THE SAKA, SAMVAT, AND GUPTA ERAS. 2G1 In addition to the inscriptions bearing these names, Gen. Cunningham quotes a great number of others, with dates in the same Samvat Era.

Saka Era Origin. The beginning of the Saka Era can be related to the ascent of the king Chashtana. The period of the Saka Era falls between 11 years and 52 years.

This information was retrieved from the inscriptions of the king Chashtana. Scythians (referred to as Sakas in Indian sources) were a group of Iranian nomadic pastoral tribes. On the Saka Samvat and Gupta Eras A Supple went on India Chronologu ment to his Paper on Indian Chronology important India inscriptions interesting island Journal king known language letter Lord means mentioned minister mission month mountains notes notice occurs officers original passage passed Persian present probably Professor published.

Saka Samvat 79 AD + AD and later during the Shah period (), the Saka Era. Cunningham, Alexander. Book of Indian Eras with Tables of Calculating Author: Bal Gopal Shrestha. Try the new Google Books. Check out the new look and enjoy easier access to your favorite features highlight, and take notes, across web, tablet, and phone.

Maurya means mentioned month Nepal period Persian person present Puranas Raja reckoning reference regard reign Rishis ruled rulers s'aka Saka Era Salivahana Samvat Sankara Saptarshi. In India, there are several calendars in use. The Saka Samvat is associated with 78 A.D; gupta Samvat with A.D; and Hijri Samvat with A.D.

The first year of Hijri era was the Islamic year beginning in AD during which the emigration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina, known as the Hijra, occurred.

The Saka (national) would begin on Ma the morrow of vernal equinox, as against Saka (traditional) from April The committee noted that the origin of Vikram Samvat, historically speaking. Inscriptions of the Indo-Greeks, Saka-kshatrapas and Kushanas adopt Indian names within two or three generations.

These inscriptions show them engaged in social and religious welfare activities like any other Indian. Sanskrit. Most of the Gupta epigraphs give genealogy. This became the practice of the subsequent dynasties. Gupta Samvat started in (a) A.D. (b) A.D. (c) A.D. (d) A.D. Who among the following was also a poet and a musician who took delight in the title of ‘Kaviraja’ or king of poets.

(a) Chandra Gupta Maurya (b) Samudra Gupta. Saka Samvat starts Notes on the Saka 78 AD, whereas Vikram Samvat starts from 57 BC. Samvat is a term that is used to Notes on the Saka to an era that is described through the Indian calendar. Thus, samvat as a term can be used to refer to any of the various hindu calendars.

Shaka samvat and Vikram samvat are based on lunar months and solar years. Gupta Dynasty (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download link is provided at the end of the post.

Gupta Dynasty (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download. Origins. The Gupta Empire rose to prominence in AD and spread to large parts of northern India, central and small parts of southern India. The founder of the Gupta dynasty is Sri Gupta. The original homeland of the Guptas. Posted by Rishabh May 9, Leave a comment on Study Notes On Gupta Dynasty: Rulers, Overview, Important Points and FAQs Gupta Dynasty: General Awareness is one of the most important sections which can help a candidate in scoring maximum marks in a competitive exam in the least amount of time.

The Saka Samvat or Era commenced in B.C. 78 during Saka Kshatrap Nahpan’s time. By adding 78 to Saka year, we get Christian year. e.g. Saka + 78 = A.D. In A.D. Chandragupta I succeeded his father Ghatotkacha. It is said that he laid the foundation of great Gupta Empire.

Gupta Empire and Their Rulers – The Gupta period marks Notes on the Saka important phase in the history of ancient India. The long and efficient rule of the Guptas made a huge impact on the political, social and cultural sphere. Though the Gupta dynasty was not widespread as the Maurya Empire, similarly it was successful in creating an empire that is significant in the history of India.

The precession phenomenon was known to the Hindu astronomers in his court. So, they must have named this transition event in time, as the beginning of the Vikram Era (Samvat).

To verify, if indeed this was the case, let us look at the Table 3 which shows the mean positions of Aswini, and Revati in BC, and 45 AD [Kaye, ]. Vallabhi Era commemorates the event when Chandragupta-I of Gupta dynasty ascended to the throne in AD. The Valabhi kings were feudatories of the Guptas and they might have used it as era of their overlords.

Fleet has treated with this at length and has established that beginning of this era is Saka erawhich means +78 = AD. Notes on the Saka, Samvat & Gupta eras: Notes on the site of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem, On the study of Indian architecture: read at a meeting of the Society of Arts on Wednesday, 19th December On the temples of Diana at Ephesus, and of Apollo at Didyme as illustrating the hypaethrum of the Greeks.

History. The origin of the Shaka era is highly controversial. There are two Shaka era systems in scholarly use, one is called Old Shaka Era, whose epoch is uncertain, probably sometime in the 1st millennium BCE because ancient Buddhist and Jaina inscriptions and texts use it, but this is a subject of dispute among other is called Saka Era of 78 CE, or simply Saka Era, a system.

There are several samvat found in historic Buddhist, Hindu and Jaina texts and epigraphy, of which three are most significant: Vikrama era, Old Shaka era and Shaka era of 78 AD. [38] The Hindu calendar saka samvat system is found in Indonesian inscriptions, such as the above dated to CE.

At any rate, the figureto be added or deducted from Nepala Samvat to get an integer with saka Samvat, is only a round figure for year 7 months. This was necessary for all pancanga- makers as well as for astronomers--the saka era being the standard era in use among astronomers in India and Nepal.

A Likely Copyist: An Hypothesis. The earlier sources call this era by various names, including Kṛṭa, the era of the Malava tribe, or simply, Samvat. [73] [47] Scholars such as D. Sircar and D. Bhandarkar believe that the name of the era changed to "Vikram Samvat" after the reign of Chandragupta II, who had adopted the title Vikramaditya.

Kanishka was the founder of that reckoning which commenced in 78 A.D. and came to be known as the Saka era. Kanishka, though a Buddhist, continued to honour the Greek, Sumerian, Elamite, mithraic, Zoroastrian and Hindu Gods worshipped by various communities of his far-flung empire.

ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics – The Age of the Guptas ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions Exercises Question 1. Name one literary and another archaeological source to reconstruct the Age of the Gupta’s.

Answer: Literary Source: Fa-hein visit to India. Archaeological Source: Allahabad Pillar Inscriptions. Question 2. Name the famous. A commemorative postage stamp on Samrat Vikramaditya, an Indian emperor of ancient India, founder of Hindu calendar, Vikram Samvat, after defeating Saka, a group of nomadic Iranian peoples.

Issued by India. Issued on Issued for: Department of Posts is pleased to release a Commemorative Postage Stamp on Samrat Vikramadittya, who started the Vikram Samvat. Indian History General Knowledge Questions Day-1, Indian History General Knowledge Questions Day-1 by pinnacle.

Attempt these quetions for the cometitive exams and many more other can also Check all other SSC CGL Question Paper Here. En Sakas. Sakas company linkedin the ethnic history of file:xerxes detail three types jpg wikimedia commons coins western satraps wikipedia. The Valabhi Era of Gujarat has been identified coterminous with the Gupta Era.

The Valabhi kings were feudatories of the Guptas and they might have used it as era of their overlords. Fleet has treated with this at length and has established that beginning of this era is Saka erawhich means +78 = AD. A calendar era is the period of time elapsed since one epoch of a calendar and, if it exists, before the next one.

For example, the Gregorian calendar numbers its years in the Western Christian era (the Coptic Orthodox and Ethiopian Orthodox churches have their own Christian eras).

Saka Era is the most popular one, it is thought to be started by Kushana King Kanishka in 78 C.E., but based on new finding some historians now argue against it.

The coins of Kardamaka ruler Rudrasimha are considered to be the first dated coins of India which used Saka Era. Vikram Era, known to us as Vikram Samvat era, was developed in India. In all researches on Indian chronology, Alberuni's state¬ ments play an eminent part, specially those relating to the epochs of the Saka and Gupta eras.

among others the following publications:— Fergusson, " On Indian Chronology," "Journal of the Eoyal Asiatic Society," vol. (), p. 8i ; and "On the Saka, Samvat, and G-upta Eras. He was a Hindu king who ruled in first century BCE. The title 'Vikramaditya' was later used by Gupta king Chandragupta II and 16th-century Hindu king Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya as well.

Vikram-Samvat calendar starts from 57 BCE. The Hindu VikramSamvat calendar is celebrated as New Year's Day in Nepal where Vikram Sambat is the official. (according to vikram samvat)named after king Vikramaditya of ujjain (according to Hindu calendars (regional)) Vikram samvat is a type of Hindu calendar with a calendar era of same.

It is based on lunar months and uses solar sidereal year. ADVERTISEMENTS: 20 important short questions on Evolution of Kingship in India. ‘Rajan’ of the Rig-Vedic period was nothing but a tribal chief. King was called ‘ganapati’ as because he was the head of the kin- based group.

Related posts: Short Essay on the Foundation of the Gupta Dynasty 48 Important questions on the Gupta Period [ ]. Hindu calendar is a collective name for most of the luni-sidereal calendars and sidereal calendars traditionally used in Hinduism.

The Hindu calendars have undergone many changes in the process of regionalisation. Some of the more prominent national and regional Hindu calendars include the official Nepali calendar in the himalayan country Nepal and in India Punjabi calendar, Bengali calendar.

The title 'Vikramaditya' was later used by Gupta king Chandragupta II and 16th-century Hindu king Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya as well. Vikram-Samvat calendar starts from 57 BCE. The Hindu Vikram-Samvat calendar is celebrated as New Year's Day in Nepal where Vikram Sambat is the official calendar.

Notes. A number of ancient and medieval inscriptions used the Vikram Samvat. Although it was reportedly named after the legendary king Vikramaditya, the term "Vikrama Samvat" does not appear in the historical record before the 9th century; the same calendar system is found with other names, such as Krita and Malava.

In colonial scholarship, the era was believed to be based on the commemoration of. First of all, it's often argued that India didn't write it's “history” in a “scientific way”. While this assertion may be debatable, what is clear is that it is an excruciating exercise to decide the chronology of Indian history, if we were to dep.

He was killed by Chandra Gupta Maurya with the help of Chanakya, who found biggest dynasty in Magadha. (Book – Gathasapthashati) Greatest ruler – 23rd ruler – Gautamiputra Satakari () He issued land coins in India.

He destroyed the Saka dynasty from Kashmir & started Saka Samvat in 78 A.D. On the Saka, Samvat, and Gupta Eras: Fergusson James: On the Genealogy of Modern Numerals. 2 vol: Bayley Edward Clive: - NEW: Onderzoek van eene verzameling Oostersche munten: Millies, Henricus Christiaan: Some doubtful copper coins of Southern India.

Bad quality of plates: Sewell Robert:   In CE, he started an era famous by name ‘Gupta Samvat’. Samudragupta I. Chandragupta, I appointed Samudragupta as his successor. He expanded Gupta empire significantly. Allahabad Prashasti provide the historical evidence of his victories.

The areas won by Samudragupta were divided into 5 parts – The states of Ganga-Yamuna Doab. The Saka date for the first time was discovered on the Western Kshatrapas coins. This silver Drachma of King Rudrasena I is the best coin with shown Saka date.

The obverse flan of the coin depicts the bust of the King facing right with blundered Greek legend around it and Saka .